Film is both a business and an artform. The cinematographer uses the same composition techniques as a master photographer, to communicate visually.

Camera angle

Camera position

Lens size

Rule of thirds

Type of shot

camera movement

selective focus

are all huge factors in the look and feel of any film.

If you take 10 cinematographers and have them all shoot the same movie, with the same actors and the same director, you would have 10 very different movies.

This is because, while there are standard “rules” of composition, each cinematographer interprets each shot differently.

Watch this great lesson in cinematography – Composition.



From Wikipedia:

In the visual arts—in particular painting, graphic design, photography, and sculpturecomposition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work. It can also be thought of as the organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art.

The term composition means ‘putting together,’ and can apply to any work of art, from music to writing to photography, that is arranged or put together using conscious thought. In the visual arts, composition is often used interchangeably with various terms such as design, form, visual ordering, or formal structure, depending on the context. In graphic design for press and desktop publishing composition is commonly referred to as page layout.